Efficient logistics and transportation are crucial components of the modern supply chain, with road freight playing a significant role in the movement of goods.

Full Truckload (FTL) and Less Than Truckload (LTL) are two popular shipping methods that cater to different cargo sizes and transportation requirements.

Understanding the distinctions between FTL and LTL is essential for businesses to make informed decisions about their shipping strategies.

In this article, we will explore the characteristics of FTL and LTL in road freight and discuss the scenarios where each option is best suited.

What is Full Truckload (FTL)

Full Truckload, as the name suggests, involves the transportation of goods that fill an entire truck. This shipping method is ideal for large shipments that exceed a certain weight or volume. Here are some key features of FTL in road freight:

  1. Cost-Effectiveness for Large Shipments
  • FTL is often more cost-effective for businesses with sizable shipments. Since the entire truck is dedicated to a single shipment, the cost per unit decreases as the volume increases.
  1. Faster Transit Times
  • FTL shipments typically have faster transit times compared to LTL. Since there are no intermediate stops for other shipments, the delivery process is more direct and streamlined.
  1. Reduced Handling and Risk
  • With FTL, there is minimal handling of goods during transit. This reduces the risk of damage or loss, as the cargo remains in the same truck from the point of origin to the final destination.

Read Also: 5 Factors Affecting Freight Rates

Hit the road with confidence! Our road freight solutions are here to streamline your logistics journey. Fast, reliable, and hassle-free. Get started with Globeflight Kenya.

What is Less Than Truckload (LTL)

Less Than Truckload is a shipping method designed for smaller shipments that do not require the use of an entire truck. Multiple shipments from different shippers are consolidated onto a single truck. Here are some key features of LTL in road freight:

  1. Cost Savings for Smaller Shipments
  • LTL is more cost-effective for businesses with smaller shipments. Shippers only pay for the space their goods occupy in the truck, making it a viable option for companies looking to reduce transportation costs.
  1. Increased Flexibility
  • LTL allows for more flexibility in terms of scheduling and routing. Multiple shipments can be combined, and the truck can make multiple stops to deliver various loads along its route.
  1. Environmentally Friendly
  • LTL shipping can be more environmentally friendly as it reduces the number of trucks on the road. By consolidating multiple shipments, the overall carbon footprint of transportation is minimized.

Read Also: How to Choose the Right Shipping Method For Your Business.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Between FTL and LTL

The decision to use FTL or LTL in road freight depends on various factors such as shipment size, cost considerations, delivery timelines, and the nature of the cargo. Here are some scenarios where each option is best suited:

  1. FTL for Large and Time-Sensitive Shipments
  • When shipping large volumes of goods that require expedited delivery, FTL is the preferred choice. This is especially true for perishable items or products with strict delivery deadlines.
  1. LTL for Small to Medium-sized Shipments with Cost Constraints
  • Businesses looking to optimize costs for smaller shipments or those with flexible delivery timelines should consider LTL. LTL is suitable for companies looking to benefit from the cost efficiencies of consolidating shipments.
  1. Hybrid Approaches
  • Some businesses may find that a hybrid approach, combining both FTL and LTL based on specific shipment requirements, provides the most effective and cost-efficient solution. This approach allows for flexibility in adapting to changing logistics needs.

Worried about customs regulations when dealing with international trade? Union Green Logistics, a sister company to Globeflight Kenya provides you seamless and hassle-free customs solutions.


Choosing between FTL and LTL is a critical decision that directly impacts a company’s logistics strategy and overall supply chain efficiency.

By understanding the distinct advantages and considerations of each method, businesses can make informed decisions that align with their unique shipping requirements.

Whether prioritizing cost-effectiveness, speed, or environmental considerations, the choice between FTL and LTL should be guided by a thorough analysis of the specific needs of each shipment and the broader logistics strategy of the organization.

Looking for a reliable and efficient logistics partner? Get started with Globeflight Kenya

Read Aso:  6 Things to Consider When Choosing a Logistics Partner for Your Business.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *